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Vietnam, formally the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated 91.5 million inhabitants as of 2012, it is the world's 13th-most-populous country, and the eighth-most-populous Asian country. The name Vietnam translates as "South Viet", and was officially adopted in 1945.

Vietnam Member states of the United Nations Southeast Asian countries Single-party states States and territories established in 1976 Socialist states Countries bordering the South China Sea Communist states Member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
South Vietnam

South Vietnam was a state which governed southern Vietnam until 1975. It received international recognition in 1950 as the State of Vietnam (1949–55) and later as the Republic of Vietnam (1955–75). Its capital was Saigon. The terms South Vietnam and North Vietnam became common usage in 1954 at the time of the Geneva Conference, which partitioned Vietnam into communist and non-communist zones at the 17th parallel. The United States was an ally of South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.

States and territories established in 1955 South Vietnam 1975 disestablishments Divided regions Former polities of the Cold War Vietnam War

Zen is a school of Mahayana Buddhism and originated in China during the 6th century CE as Chán. From China, Zen spread south to Vietnam, to Korea and east to Japan. The word Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 Dzyen, which in turn is derived from the Sanskrit word dhyāna, which can be approximately translated as "absorption" or "meditative state".

Zen Schools of Buddhism Religion
North Vietnam

North Vietnam was a communist state that ruled the northern half of Vietnam from 1954 until 1976. It was officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and was proclaimed in Hanoi in 1945. Vietnam was partitioned following the Geneva Conference at the end of the First Indochina War. During World War II, Vietnam was a French colony under Japanese occupation. Soon after Japan surrendered in 1945, the DRV was proclaimed in Hanoi.

Communism in Vietnam 1976 disestablishments First Indochina War States and territories established in 1954 Divided regions Former polities of the Cold War Vietnam War Former countries in Vietnamese history Former socialist republics Indochina Wars
Viet Cong

The Viet Cong, or National Liberation Front (NLF), was a political organization and army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War (1959–1975), and emerged on the winning side. It had both guerrilla and regular army units, as well as a network of cadres who organized peasants in the territory it controlled.

Communism in Vietnam Guerrilla organizations National liberation movements 1976 disestablishments National liberation armies 1954 establishments Rebellions in Vietnam Anti-Revisionist organizations Far-left politics Military units and formations of the Vietnam War
Vietnamese language

Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) is the national and official language of Vietnam. It is the mother tongue of Vietnamese people (Kinh), and of about three million overseas Vietnamese. It is also spoken as a second language or a first language by many ethnic minorities of Vietnam. It is part of the Austro-Asiatic language family, of which it has the most speakers by a significant margin (several times larger than the other Austro-Asiatic languages put together).

Languages of Vietnam Vietic languages Vietnamese language Subject–verb–object languages Isolating languages
French Indochina

1. Panorama of Lac-Kaï, French outpost in China. 2. Yun-nan, in the quay of Hanoi. 3. Flooded street of Hanoi. 4. Landing stage of Hanoi]] French Indochina (frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp) was part of the French colonial empire in southeast Asia. A federation of the three Vietnamese regions, Tonkin (North), Annam (Central), and Cochinchina (South), as well as Cambodia, was formed in 1887. Laos was added in 1893 and Kouang-Tchéou-Wan in 1900.

New Imperialism Former countries in Southeast Asia 1953 disestablishments 1887 establishments Second French Empire French Indochina Former countries in Vietnamese history States and territories established in 1887 Former French colonies
Vietnamese people

The Vietnamese people (Vietnamese: người Việt or người Kinh) are an ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam and southern China. They are the majority ethnic group of Vietnam, comprising 86% of the population as of the 1999 census, and are officially known as Kinh to distinguish them from other ethnic groups in Vietnam. The earliest recorded name for the ancient Vietnamese people appears as "Lạc".

Vietnamese people Ethnic groups in Asia
Vietnam People's Army

The Vietnam People's Army – VPA (Vietnamese: Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam, variously translated as Vietnamese People's Army and People's Army of Vietnam) is the army of Vietnam. The VPA is a part of Vietnam People's Armed Forces. The VPA includes: Ground Force (including Strategic Rear Forces), Navy, Air Force, Border Guard and Coast Guard. The name People's Army is due to President Ho Chi Minh set to the meaning: "born from people, for people to fight and for people to serve".

Vietnam People's Army National liberation movements First Indochina War National liberation armies Military of Vietnam Conscript militaries Vietnam War Indochina Wars
First Indochina War

Traditionally, the First Indochina War (also known as the French Indochina War, Anti-French War, Franco-Vietnamese War, Franco-Vietminh War, Indochina War, Dirty War in France, and Anti-French Resistance War in contemporary Vietnam) is said to have begun in French Indochina on December 19, 1946 and to have lasted until August 1, 1954. In fact, fighting between French forces and their Việt Minh opponents in the South dates from September 1945.

First Indochina War Wars involving Vietnam 20th century in France 20th century in Vietnam Wars involving France
Army of the Republic of Vietnam

The Army of the Republic of Viet Nam - ARVN, sometimes referred to as the South Vietnamese Army (SVA), was the Ground Forces branch of the Republic of Vietnam’s Military Forces, the official military of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) which existed from 1955 until the fall of Saigon in 1975. It is estimated to have suffered 1,394,000 casualties (killed and wounded) during the Vietnam War. After the fall of Saigon to the invading North Vietnamese Army (NVA), the ARVN was dissolved.

Disbanded armies Military of South Vietnam 1975 disestablishments Military units and formations disestablished in the 1970s
Viet Minh

Việt Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam Ðộc Lập Ðồng Minh Hội, English "League for the Independence of Vietnam") was a communist national independence coalition formed at Pac Bo on May 19, 1941. The Việt Minh initially formed to seek independence for Vietnam from the French Empire. When the Japanese occupation began, the Việt Minh opposed Japan with support from the United States and the Republic of China.

Guerrilla organizations National liberation movements Communist parties in Vietnam Vietnamese independence movement National liberation armies Resistance movements Rebellions in Vietnam Rebellions in Asia World War II resistance movements
Fall of Saigon

The Fall of Saigon (or Liberation of Saigon) was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front on April 30, 1975. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period leading to the formal reunification of Vietnam into a communist state.

History of Ho Chi Minh City Military operations of the Vietnam War Battles and operations of the Vietnam War in 1975 Forced migration History of South Vietnam 1975 in Vietnam United States Marine Corps in the Vietnam War Conflicts in 1975 Battles involving Vietnam Vietnamese diaspora
Vietnamese American

A Vietnamese American (Vietnamese: Người Mỹ gốc Việt) is an American of Vietnamese descent. They make up about half of all overseas Vietnamese (Người Việt Hải Ngoại) and are the fourth-largest Asian American group. Mass Vietnamese immigration to the United States started after 1975, after the end of the Vietnam War. Early immigrants were refugee boat people fleeing persecution or poverty.

Articles with inconsistent citation formats American people of Asian descent Ethnic groups in the United States Vietnamese-American history American people of Vietnamese descent Vietnamese diaspora
Battle of Dien Bien Phu

The Battle of Điện Biên Phủ (French: Bataille de Diên Biên Phu; Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ) was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries. The battle occurred between March and May 1954 and culminated in a comprehensive French defeat that influenced negotiations over the future of Indochina at Geneva.

1954 in France Dien Bien Phu 1954 in Vietnam Vietnamese independence movement Conflicts in 1954 Battles involving France Article Feedback 5 Battles and operations of the First Indochina War Dien Bien Province Battles involving Vietnam Battles involving the French Foreign Legion Battles involving the United States
Nguyen dynasty

The Nguyễn Dynasty was the last ruling family of Vietnam. Their rule lasted a total of 143 years. It began in 1802 when Emperor Gia Long ascended the throne after defeating the Tây Sơn Dynasty and ended in 1945 when Bảo Đại abdicated the throne and transferred power to the State of Vietnam. During the reign of Emperor Gia Long, the nation officially became known as Việt Nam (越南), but from the reign of emperor Minh Mạng on, the nation was renamed Đại Nam (大南, literally "Great South").

States and territories established in 1802 Vietnamese independence movement Lists of office-holders by country Nguyen dynasty 1945 disestablishments Former monarchies of Asia Former countries in Vietnamese history
Han tu

Hán tự or chữ Hán, chữ Nho is the Vietnamese term for Chinese characters, which was used to write classical Chinese and the Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary in Vietnamese language, in contrast to chữ Nôm, which was used to write the native vocabulary in Vietnamese language.

Chinese language Chinese characters Vietnamese writing systems Writing systems Logographic writing systems Chinese scripts

Okra (known in many English-speaking countries as lady's fingers or gumbo) is a flowering plant in the mallow family. It is valued for its edible green seed pods. The geographical origin of okra is disputed, with supporters of South Asian, Ethiopian and West African origins. The plant is cultivated in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions around the world.

Crops originating from Africa Igbo words and phrases Medicinal plants Tropical agriculture Soul food Fruit vegetables Abelmoschus Puerto Rican ingredients Fiber plants
Communist Party of Vietnam

The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) (Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam), formally established in 1930, is the governing party of the nation of Vietnam. It is today the only legal political party in that country. Describing itself as Marxist-Leninist, the CPV is the directing component of a broader group of organizations known as the Vietnamese Fatherland Front. In Vietnam, it is commonly referred to as "Đảng" (the Party) or "Đảng ta" (our Party).

Ruling Communist parties National liberation movements 1930 establishments in Vietnam Communist parties in Vietnam Political parties in Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam Political parties established in 1930 Anti-Revisionist organizations
My Lai Massacre

The My Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968, by United States Army soldiers of "Charlie" Company of 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the Americal Division. Most of the victims were women, children, infants, and elderly people. Some of the bodies were later found to be mutilated and many women allegedly raped prior to the killings.

Quang Ngai Province Vietnam War crimes War crimes committed by the United States United States Army in the Vietnam War My Lai Massacre War crimes in Vietnam Collective punishment Massacres in Vietnam 1968 in Vietnam Mass murder in 1968 Massacres committed by the United States United States military scandals
Vietnam national football team

The Vietnam National Football Team (Vietnamese: Đội tuyển bóng đá quốc gia Việt Nam) is the national football team representing Vietnam and is managed by the Vietnam Football Federation. In the FIFA World Rankings, Vietnam's highest standing was in the first release of the figures, in September 1998, at 84th. The team is currently ranked 97th in the World, 15th in Asia and 1st in Southeast Asia by FIFA (May 2012).

Vietnam national football team National sports teams of Vietnam Asian national association football teams
Boat people

Boat people is a term that usually refers to refugees, illegal immigrants, or asylum seekers who emigrate in numbers in boats that are sometimes old and crudely made. The term came into common use during the late 1970s with the mass departure of Vietnamese refugees from Communist-controlled Vietnam, following the Vietnam War.

Vietnamese refugees History of Vietnam Vietnamese migration Illegal immigration Haitian diaspora Vietnamese diaspora Vietnam War Human migration History of Haiti
Vietnamese cuisine

Vietnamese cuisine is the cooking and baking of various foods and beverages developed in Vietnam. Regular ingredients include Fish sauce, shrimp paste, soy sauce, rice, fresh herbs, fruits and vegetables. Vietnamese recipes utilize lemongrass, mint, Vietnamese mint, long coriander and Thai basil leaves. Traditional Vietnamese cooking is greatly admired for its fresh ingredients, minimal use of oil, and reliance on herbs and vegetables.

Vietnamese cuisine
Gallantry Cross (Vietnam)

The Gallantry Cross is a military decoration of the former Government of South Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam). The medal was established on 15 August 1950. The decoration was awarded to military personnel, civilians, and Armed Forces units and organizations in recognition of deeds of valor or heroic conduct while in combat with the enemy. Recipients were cited at the Armed Forces, Corps, Division, Brigade or Regiment level.

Military of South Vietnam Military awards and decorations of Vietnam Recipients of the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry
Eurasian (mixed ancestry)

The word Eurasian refers to people of mixed Asian and European ancestry. It was originally coined in 19th-century British India to refer to Anglo-Indians of mixed British and Indian descent. The term has seen some use in anthropological literature from the 1960s.

Multiracial affairs Ethnic groups in Asia Ethnic groups in Europe Ethnic groups of partial European ancestry
V-League (Vietnam)

The Eximbank V-League is the top football league in Vietnam. Launched in 1980, the league currently involves 14 teams.

Football competitions in Vietnam National association football premier leagues 1980 establishments in Vietnam Sports leagues established in 1980
Vietnam Air Force

The Vietnam Air Force – VNAF was the Air Force branch of the Republic of Vietnam’s Military Forces, the official military of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) from 1955 to 1975. The VNAF began with a few hand-picked men chosen to fly alongside French pilots during the State of Vietnam era. It eventually grew into the world’s sixth largest air force at the height of its power, in 1974.

Vietnam Air Force Military units and formations of the Vietnam War Military of South Vietnam Disbanded air forces
Siamese (cat)

The Siamese is one of the first distinctly recognized breeds of Oriental cat. The breed originated in Thailand (formerly known as Siam), where they are one of several native breeds and are called Wichian Mat (วิเชียรมาศ, a name meaning "moon diamond"). In the 20th century the Siamese cat became one of the most popular breeds in Europe and North America.

Cat breeds Cat breeds originating in Thailand
Dai Viet

Đại Việt is the official name of Vietnamese dynasties beginning with the rule of Lý Thánh Tông (r. 1054–1072), the third king of the Lý Dynasty. Previously, since the rule of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh (r. 968–979), the country had been referred to officially as Đại Cồ Việt; cồ is a synonym of 大. The term "Việt" is cognate with the Chinese word "Yue", a name applied in ancient times to various non-Chinese groups who lived in what is now southern China and northern Vietnam.

History of Vietnam
Republic of Vietnam Navy

The Republic of Vietnam Navy - VNN was the naval branch of the Republic of Vietnam’s Military Forces, the official military of the former Republic of Vietnam (or South Vietnam) from 1955 to 1975. The early fleet consisted of boats from France. After 1955 and the transfer of the armed forces to Vietnamese control, the fleet was supplied from the United States. With assistance from the U.S.

Disbanded navies Military of South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam Navy
Chu Nom

Chữ Nôm is a script formerly used to write Vietnamese. It makes use of Chinese characters; known as Hán tự or Hán Nôm in Vietnamese, as well as other characters coined following the Chinese model. It was used almost exclusively by the elite, mostly for literature while formal writing was done in classical Chinese. Nôm was replaced by quốc ngữ (alphabetical Vietnamese) beginning in the 1920s and is now almost entirely obsolete.

Chinese characters Vietnamese writing systems Writing systems Logographic writing systems Chinese scripts
Vietnamese dong

The đồng has been the currency of Vietnam since May 3, 1978. Issued by the State Bank of Vietnam, it is represented by the symbol "₫". The đồng currently ranks as the second least valuable currency in terms of exchange rate. Formerly, it was subdivided into 10 hào, which was further subdivided into 10 xu, neither of which is now used.

1978 introductions Currencies of Vietnam Economy of Vietnam Currency signs
Sino-Vietnamese War

The Sino–Vietnamese War, also known as the Third Indochina War, known in the PRC as Chinese: 对越自卫反击战; pinyin: duì yuè zìwèi fǎnjī zhàn; literally "Defensive Counterattack against Vietnam" and in Vietnam as Chiến tranh chống bành trướng Trung Hoa (War against Chinese expansionism), was a brief but bloody border war fought in 1979 between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

1979 in Vietnam 1979 in China Cold War conflicts Wars involving Vietnam Wars involving the People's Republic of China Wars between China and Vietnam Sino-Vietnamese War
Vietnamese Martyrs

The Vietnamese Martyrs, also known as the Martyrs of Tonkin, Martyrs of Annam, Andrew Dung-Lac and Companions (Anrê Dũng-Lạc và Các bạn tử đạo), or Martyrs of Indochina, are saints on the Roman Catholic calendar of saints canonized by Pope John Paul II. On June 19, 1988, thousands of Overseas Vietnamese worldwide gathered at the Vatican for the Celebration of the Canonization of 117 Vietnamese Martyrs, an event chaired by Monsignor Tran Van Hoai.

History of Catholicism in Vietnam Executed children Vietnamese Roman Catholic saints Catholic martyrs Lists of Christian martyrs Executed Vietnamese people 1625 deaths Roman Catholic Church in Vietnam Child saints
Hoa people

Hoa people refers to a minority living in Vietnam consisting of persons considered to be ethnic Chinese. They are often referred to as either Chinese Vietnamese, Vietnamese Chinese, Sino-Vietnamese, or ethnic Chinese in/from Vietnam by the Vietnamese populace, Overseas Vietnamese, and other ethnic Chinese. The Vietnamese government's classification of the Hoa excludes two other groups of Chinese-speaking peoples, the San Diu and the Ngai.

Ethnic groups in Vietnam Hoa people Chinese diaspora

State of Vietnam

The State of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Quốc gia Việt Nam) was a state that claimed authority over all of Vietnam during the First Indochina War, and replaced the Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (1948–1949). The provisional government was a brief transitional administration between colonial Cochinchina and an independent state.

South Vietnam 1955 disestablishments States and territories established in 1949 Former polities of the Cold War Former countries in Vietnamese history
Vietnamese alphabet

The Vietnamese alphabet (Vietnamese: Quốc Ngữ; literally national language) is the modern writing system for the Vietnamese language. It is based on the Latin script (more specifically the Portuguese alphabet) with some digraphs and the addition of nine accent marks or diacritics – four of them to create additional sounds, and the other five to indicate the tone of each word. The many diacritics, often two on the same letter, make written Vietnamese easily recognizable.

Language orthographies Spelling reform Latin alphabets Vietnamese writing systems
1963 South Vietnamese coup

In November 1963, President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam was deposed by a group of Army of the Republic of Vietnam officers who disagreed with his handling of the Buddhist crisis and, in general, his increasing oppression of national groups in the name of fighting the communist Vietcong. The Kennedy administration had been aware of the coup planning, but Cable 243 from the United States Department of State to U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. , stated that it was U.S.

1960s coups d'état and coup attempts Buddhist crisis Conflicts in 1963 Ngo Dinh Diem Military coups in South Vietnam 1963 in Vietnam
Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone

The Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone was established as a dividing line between North and South Vietnam as a result of the First Indochina War. During the Second Indochina War (popularly known as the Vietnam War), it became important as the battleground demarcation separating North Vietnamese territory from South Vietnamese territory.

Vietnam War sites First Indochina War
People's Republic of Kampuchea

The People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) (Khmer: សាធារណរដ្ឋប្រជាមានិតកម្ពុជា, Sathearanakrath Pracheameanit Kampuchea), was founded in Cambodia by the Salvation Front, a group of Cambodian leftists dissatisfied with the Khmer Rouge, after the overthrow of Democratic Kampuchea, Pol Pot's government. Brought about by an invasion from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, which routed the Khmer Rouge armies, it had Vietnam and the Soviet Union as its main allies.

1993 disestablishments People's Republic of Kampuchea Wars involving Cambodia 20th century in Cambodia Former countries in Southeast Asia Wars involving Vietnam States and territories established in 1979 Military occupation Eastern Bloc Communism in Cambodia Former polities of the Cold War Sino-Vietnamese War Non-Aligned Movement
Vietnam People's Air Force

The Vietnam People's Air Force is the air force of Vietnam. It is the successor of the former North Vietnamese Air Force and the absorbed Republic of Vietnam Air Force following the re-unification of Vietnam in 1975. Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) is one of three main branches in Vietnam People's Army, a part of Ministry of Defence with mission for defending the airspace belongs to Vietnam's territory.

Military of Vietnam Air forces by country Vietnam People's Army Aviation in Vietnam
Provinces of Vietnam

Vietnam is divided into 63 provinces and five centrally governed cities existing at the same level as provinces (thành phố trực thuộc trung ương). The provinces are divided into districts (huyện), provincial cities (thành phố trực thuộc tỉnh), and towns (thị xã), which are subdivided into towns (thị trấn) or communes (xã). The centrally controlled cities are divided into rural districts (huyện) and urban districts (quận), which are subdivided into wards (phường).

Lists of country subdivisions Country subdivisions of Asia Vietnam-related lists First-level administrative country subdivisions Subdivisions of Vietnam Provinces of Vietnam
Cambodian–Vietnamese War


The pomelo (Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis) is a crisp citrus fruit native to South and Southeast Asia. It is usually pale green to yellow when ripe, with sweet white (or, more rarely, pink or red) flesh and very thick albedo (rind pith). It is the largest citrus fruit, 15–25 centimetres (5.9–9.8 in) in diameter, and usually weighing 1–2 kilograms (2.2–4.4 lb).

Ayurvedic medicaments Citrus
Vietnamese National Army

On March 8, 1949, after the Elysee accords, the State of Vietnam was recognized by France as an independent country ruled by Vietnamese Emperor Bảo Đại. The Vietnamese National Army or Vietnam National Army (Vietnamese: Quân đội Quốc gia Việt Nam, "National Army of Vietnam", French: Armée Nationale Vietnamienne, "Vietnamese National Army") was the State of Vietnam's military force created shortly after that. It was commanded by Vietnamese General Hinh and was loyal to Bảo Đại.

Military history of Vietnam Military units and formations established in 1949 Military of South Vietnam First Indochina War
Easter Offensive

The Easter Offensive, and also (Chiến dịch Xuân hè 1972 in Vietnamese) was a military campaign conducted by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) against the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN, the regular army of South Vietnam) and the United States military between 30 March and 22 October 1972, during the Vietnam War.

1972 in Vietnam Conflicts in 1972 Military campaigns involving the United States Military campaigns involving Vietnam Campaigns of the Vietnam War Battles and operations of the Vietnam War in 1972
Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary

Sino-Vietnamese are the elements in the Vietnamese language derived from Chinese. They account for between 30% to 60% of the Vietnamese vocabulary, not including calques from China. This vocabulary was originally written with Hán Tự, Chinese characters that were used in the Vietnamese writing system, but like all written Vietnamese, is now written with quốc ngữ, the Latin-based Vietnamese alphabet that was adopted in the early 20th century for writing the Vietnamese language.

Vietnamese language Chinese language
North–South Railway (Vietnam)

Overseas Vietnamese

Overseas Vietnamese (Vietnamese: Người Việt Hải Ngoại, which literally means "Overseas Vietnamese", or Việt Kiều, a Sino-Vietnamese word literally translating to "Vietnamese sojourner") refers to Vietnamese people living outside Vietnam in a diaspora. Of the about 3 million Overseas Vietnamese, a majority left Vietnam as refugees after 1975 as a result of the Fall of Saigon and the resulting takeover by the Communist regime.

People of Vietnamese descent Vietnamese diaspora
Prime Minister of Vietnam

The Prime Minister of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Thủ tướng Việt Nam), officially styled, the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic (Vietnamese: Thủ tướng Chính phủ nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa) is the head of government of Vietnam and presides over the meetings of the Central Government (formerly the Council of Ministers), directs the work of government members, and has the ability to propose deputy prime ministers to the National Assembly.

Lists of prime ministers Prime Ministers of Vietnam Government of Vietnam Vietnam-related lists
Javan rhinoceros

The Javan rhinoceros (Sunda rhinoceros to be more precise) or lesser one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses. It belongs to the same genus as the Indian rhinoceros, and has similar mosaicked skin which resembles armor, but at 3.1–3.2 m (10–10.5 feet) in length and 1.4–1.7 m (4.6–5.8 ft) in height, it is smaller. (In fact, it is closer in size to the black rhinoceros of the genus Diceros.

Mammals of Malaysia Conservation reliant species Animals described in 1822 Mammals of Bangladesh Rhinoceroses EDGE species Mammals of Indonesia Megafauna of Eurasia Fauna of Vietnam Mammals of India
History of Vietnam

The history of Vietnam is one of the longest continuous histories in the world, with the oldest archaeological findings showing that people have been living there as far back as over a half million years ago. Ancient Vietnam was home to some of the world's earliest civilizations, with a cultural history of over 20,000 years - making them one of the world's first peoples who practiced agriculture.

History of Vietnam
Foreign relations of Hungary

Except for the short-lived neutrality declared by the anti-Soviet leader Imre Nagy in November 1956, Hungary's foreign policy generally followed the Soviet lead from 1947 to 1989. During the Communist period, Hungary maintained treaties of friendship, cooperation, and mutual assistance with the Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, Romania, and Bulgaria.

Foreign relations of Hungary
Vietnamese name

Vietnamese names generally consist of three parts: a family name, a middle name, and a given name, used in that order. The "family name first" order follows the system of Chinese names and is common throughout the Sinosphere (Chinese cultural sphere), but is different from Chinese, Korean, and Japanese names in having a middle name. Persons can be referred to either by the whole name, given name, or a hierarchic name in normal usage.

Names by culture Vietnamese-language surnames
Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang

The Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng (VNQDD), also known as the Việt Quốc and the Vietnamese Kuomintang, is the Vietnamese Nationalist Party, a revolutionary socialist political party that sought independence from French colonial rule in Vietnam during the early 20th century. Its origins lie in the mid-1920s, when a group of young Hanoi-based intellectuals began publishing revolutionary material.

Political parties established in 1927 Political parties in Vietnam Overseas Vietnamese organizations Vietnamese independence movement Anti-communist organizations Vietnamese anti-communists Socialist parties History of Yunnan Nationalist parties
Vietnam Television

Vietnam Television, or VTV, is the national television broadcaster for Vietnam. Like all media of Vietnam, its programming is directly controlled by the government.

Government of Vietnam Vietnamese television
August Revolution

The August Revolution (Vietnamese: Cách mạng tháng Tám), also called the August General Uprising (Vietnamese: Tổng Khởi Nghĩa) by the Indochinese Communist Party, was a rebellion in Vietnam. On August 19, 1945, the Việt Minh under Hồ Chí Minh began rebellion against French colonial rule in Vietnam.

Conflicts in 1945 First Indochina War Vietnamese independence movement 1945 in Vietnam 20th-century revolutions Rebellions in Vietnam 20th century in Vietnam Military history of Vietnam during World War II
III Corps (South Vietnam)

III Corps was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975. It was one of four corps in the ARVN, and oversaw the region of the country surrounding the capital Saigon.

Military units and formations of South Vietnam
Black Flag Army

The Black Flag Army was a splinter remnant of a bandit group recruited largely from soldiers of ethnic Zhuang background, who crossed the border from Guangxi province of China into Upper Tonkin, in the Empire of Annam in 1865. They became known mainly for their fights against French forces in cooperation with both Vietnamese and Chinese authorities. The Black Flag Army is so named because of the preference of its commander, Liu Yongfu, for using black command flags.

Sino-French War History of Guangxi Tonkin campaign
Foreign relations of Greece

Prominent issues in Hellenic foreign policy include the claims in the Aegean Sea and Eastern Mediterranean by Turkey, the Turkish occupation of Cyprus, the dispute over the name of the Republic of Macedonia (recognized under the provisional denomination of "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"), and relations with the United States.

Foreign relations of Greece
President of Vietnam

The President of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch nước Việt Nam), officially styled the President of the Socialist Republic (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà xã hội chủ nghĩa) represents the Socialist Republic of Vietnam internally and externally as the head of state, maintains the regular and coordinated operation and stability of the national government system, and safeguards the independence and territorial integrity of the country.

Government of Vietnam Presidents of Vietnam Politics of Vietnam
IV Corps (South Vietnam)

The IV Corps was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975. It was one of four corps in the ARVN, and it oversaw the Mekong Delta region of the country. The Seventh Division based in My Tho was a part of the IV Corps, and due to the division's close proximity to the capital Saigon was a key factor in the success or failure of the various coup attempts in the nation's history.

Military units and formations of South Vietnam
Government of Vietnam

The Government of Vietnam is the executive arm of the Vietnamese state, and the members of the Government are elected by the National Assembly of Vietnam.

Government of Vietnam
1975 Spring Offensive

The 1975 Spring Offensive (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Mùa Xuân 1975) was a series of increasingly large-scale and ambitious offensive operations by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam that began on 13 December 1974. The eventual goal of these operations was to defeat the armed forces and force the surrender of the government of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).

Battles and operations of the Vietnam War in 1975 1975 in Vietnam Conflicts in 1975 Battles and operations of the Vietnam War in 1974 Military campaigns involving Vietnam 1974 in Vietnam Campaigns of the Vietnam War Conflicts in 1974
Partition of Vietnam

The Partition of Vietnam was the establishment of the 17th parallel as the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone in 1954, splitting Vietnam into halves after the First Indochina War. The Geneva Conference was held at the conclusion of the First Indochina War. As part of the post-war settlement announced on July 21, 1954, Vietnam was temporarily partitioned into northern and southern zones pending unification on the basis of internationally supervised free elections to be held in 1956.

1954 in Vietnam 1954 in international relations First Indochina War Conflicts in 1954 20th century in Vietnam Vietnam War Partition (politics)
Vietnam People's Navy

The Vietnam People's Navy (commonly, Vietnamese Navy - Vietnamese: Hải quân nhân dân Việt Nam) is part of the Vietnam People's Army and is responsible for the protection of national waters, islands, and interests of the maritime economy, as well as for the coordination of maritime police, customs service and the border defense force.

Military of Vietnam Vietnam People's Army Vietnam People's Navy
Ministry of Defence (Vietnam)

Ministry of Defence is the governmental ministry of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam that manages, coordinates and supervises military affairs, including all military units, paramilitary units, and similar agencies in the country. The major office of the Ministry of Defence is located within the ancient Hanoi Citadel. The ministry is operated under the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam as well as other various laws.

Vietnam People's Army Ministry of Defence (Vietnam)
Politics of Vietnam

The politics of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam are defined by a semi-presidential socialist republican framework, where the Prime Minister of Vietnam is the head of government, in a one-party system led by the Communist Party of Vietnam. Executive power is exercised by the government and the President of Vietnam. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly of Vietnam. The Judiciary is independent of the executive.

Government of Vietnam Vietnam Politics of Vietnam Politics of Southeast Asia
1960 South Vietnamese coup attempt

On November 11, 1960, a failed coup attempt against President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam was led by Lieutenant Colonel Vuong Van Dong and Colonel Nguyen Chanh Thi of the Airborne Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN). The rebels launched the coup in response to Diem's autocratic rule and the negative political influence of his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu and his sister-in-law Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu.

1960s coups d'état and coup attempts 1960 in Vietnam History of South Vietnam Conflicts in 1960 Ngo Dinh Diem Attempted coups Military coups in South Vietnam
List of Vietnamese monarchs

Below is a list of Vietnamese monarchs. Some declared themselves kings (vua/vương) or emperors (hoàng đế). Because Vietnam was a titular tributary state to China, many monarchs sought investiture by the Chinese Court; some did not have this approval and others did not care to gain the Chinese investiture at all. Many of the Later Lê monarchs were nominal rulers, with the real powers resting on lords who were theoretically loyal to them.

History of Vietnam Lists of monarchs Vietnamese dynasties Vietnamese monarchs
Kunming–Hai Phong Railway

Republic of Vietnam Marine Division

The Republic of Vietnam Marine Division (VNMC) (Vietnamese: Sư Đoàn Thủy Quân Lục Chiến) was part of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam. It was established by Ngo Dinh Diem in 1954 when he was Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam, which became the Republic of Vietnam in 1955. The longest-serving commander was Lieutenant General Le Nguyen Khang. In 1969, the VNMC had a strength of 9,300 and 15,000 by 1973.

Marines Divisions of South Vietnam Military of South Vietnam Military units and formations of the Vietnam War Military units and formations established in 1954
Vietnamese Australian

A Vietnamese Australian is an Australian either born in Vietnam or is an Australian descendant of the former. Communities of Overseas Vietnamese are referred to as Việt Kiều or người Việt hải ngoại.

Australian people of Asian descent Australian people of Vietnamese descent Vietnamese diaspora Immigration to Australia Ethnic groups in Australia
State of Vietnam referendum, 1955

The State of Vietnam referendum of 1955 determined the future form of government of the State of Vietnam, the nation that was to become the Republic of Vietnam (widely known as South Vietnam). It was contested by Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm, who proposed a republic, and former emperor Bảo Đại. Bảo Đại had abdicated as emperor in 1945 and at the time of the referendum held the title of head of state. Diệm won the election, which was widely marred by electoral fraud, with 98.2% of the vote.

1955 referendums History of South Vietnam 1955 in Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem Referendums in Vietnam Election fraud Elections in Vietnam
Vietnamese First Division

The V-League First Division is the second tier league in Vietnamese football, after the Vietnamese Super League, with 14 teams competing.

Football competitions in Vietnam National association football premier leagues
Culture of Vietnam

The culture of Vietnam, an agricultural civilization based on the cultivation of wet rice, is one of the oldest in East Asia; the ancient Bronze age Dong Son culture is considered to be one of its most important progenitors. Due to the long-term Chinese influence on its civilization, in terms of politics, government and Confucian social and moral ethics, Vietnam is considered to be part of the East Asian Cultural Sphere.

Vietnamese culture
Civilian Irregular Defense Group program

Civilian Irregular Defense Group program (CIDG, pronounced "sid-gee") was a program developed by the U.S. government in the Vietnam War to develop South Vietnamese irregular military units from minority populations.

Military of South Vietnam Central Intelligence Agency operations
Foreign relations of Egypt

Egypt's foreign policy operates along a non-aligned level. Factors such as population size, historical events, military strength, diplomatic expertise and a strategic geographical position give Egypt extensive political influence in the Middle East, Africa, and within the Non-Aligned Movement as a whole. Cairo has been a crossroads of Arab commerce and culture for millennia, and its intellectual and Islamic institutions are at the center of the region's social and cultural landmark palace.

Foreign relations of Egypt
Operation Menu

Operation Menu was the codename of a covert United States Strategic Air Command (SAC) bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia and Laos from 18 March 1969 until 26 May 1970, during the Vietnam War. The supposed targets of these attacks were sanctuaries and Base Areas of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and forces of the Viet Cong, which utilized them for resupply, training, and resting between campaigns across the border in the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).

1970 in Vietnam 1969 in Vietnam Cambodia–United States relations Strategic bombing Aerial operations and battles of the Vietnam War Campaigns of the Vietnam War Conflicts in 1970 Conflicts in 1969
Buddhism in Vietnam

Buddhism in Vietnam (called đạo Phật) as practiced by the ethnic Vietnamese is mainly of the Mahāyāna tradition. Buddhism came to Vietnam as early as the 2nd century CE through the North from Central Asia and via Southern routes from India. Vietnamese Buddhism has had a symbiotic relationship with Taoism, Chinese spirituality, and the indigenous Vietnamese religion.

Buddhism in Vietnam Zen Mahayana
Vietnamese Airborne Division

The Vietnamese Airborne Division was one of the earliest components of the Republic of Vietnam’s Military Forces (Quân Đội Quốc Gia Việt Nam). The Vietnamese Airborne Division began as companies organised in 1948, prior to any agreement over armed forces in Vietnam. After the partition of Vietnam, it became a part of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. Vietnamese Airborne Division was one of the most elite fighting forces in the ARVN.

Divisions of South Vietnam Airborne divisions
Empire of Vietnam

The Empire of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Đế quốc Việt Nam or Việt Nam Đế quốc; Japanese: ベトナム帝国) was a short-lived puppet state of Imperial Japan governing the whole of Vietnam between March 11 and August 23, 1945.

Japanese puppet states Vietnamese independence movement States and territories established in 1945 1945 disestablishments World War II occupied territories Military history of Vietnam during World War II Former countries in Vietnamese history World War II Southeast Asia Theatre
Vietnamese Fatherland Front

The Vietnamese Fatherland Front (Vietnamese: Mặt Trận Tổ Quốc Việt Nam) founded February 1977, is an umbrella group of pro-government "mass movements" in Vietnam, and has close links to the Communist Party of Vietnam and the Vietnamese government. It is an amalgamation of many smaller groups, including the Communist Party itself.

Political parties in Vietnam Popular fronts Political parties established in 1977
List of countries with their first Major League Baseball player

The globalization of Major League Baseball has been occurring since its inception. The early years saw an influx of players from western Europe. Major League Baseball eventually saw fewer European players, but more players from Latin America. Today Major League Baseball has players from five continents. The following is a list of countries and the first person born there that played Major League Baseball.

Lists of Major League Baseball players Major League Baseball players by national origin
1964 South Vietnamese coup

Before dawn on January 30, 1964, General Nguyen Khanh ousted the military junta led by General Duong Van Minh from the leadership of South Vietnam without firing a shot. It came less than three months after Minh's junta had themselves come to power in a bloody coup against then President Ngo Dinh Diem. The coup was bloodless and took less than a few hours—after power had been seized Minh's aide and bodyguard, Major Nguyen Van Nhung was arrested and summarily executed.

1960s coups d'état and coup attempts Conflicts in 1964 1964 in Vietnam History of South Vietnam Battles and conflicts without fatalities Vietnam War Military coups in South Vietnam
List of ethnic groups in Vietnam

Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government), each with its own language, lifestyle, and cultural heritage. Many of the local ethnic groups are known collectively in the West as Montagnard or Degar. The largest ethnic groups are: Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Tai Ethnic 1.7%, Mường 1.5%, Khmer Krom (Khơ Me Crộm) 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nùng 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census).

Lists of ethnic groups Ethnic groups in Vietnam Ethnic groups in Asia Vietnam-related lists
South Vietnamese

Flag of South Vietnam

The flag of South Vietnam was designed by Emperor Thành Thái in 1890 and was revived by Emperor Bảo Đại in 1948. It was the flag of the former State of Vietnam (the French-controlled areas in both Northern and Southern Vietnam) from 1949 to 1955 and later of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) from 1955 until April 30, 1975 when the south unconditionally surrendered to the north, to which it was officially joined in a unified Vietnam a year later.

Flags of Vietnam Obsolete national flags South Vietnam
Pot-bellied pig

The pot-bellied pig is a breed of domesticated pig originating in Vietnam.

Pet mammals Pig breeds originating in Vietnam
Bánh mì

Battle of the Paracel Islands

The Battle of the Paracel Islands was a military engagement fought between the naval forces of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of Vietnam in the Paracel Islands on January 19, 1974.

Naval battles involving China Naval battles involving Vietnam 1974 in China Battles involving China 1974 in Asia Wars involving the People's Republic of China Battles involving Vietnam Naval battles post-1945 1974 in Vietnam Paracel Islands Conflicts in 1974
Roman Catholicism in Vietnam

The Roman Catholic Church in Vietnam is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. Vietnam has the fifth largest Catholic population in Asia, after the Philippines, India, China and Indonesia. According to Catholic Hierarchy Catalog, there are 5,658,000 Catholics in Vietnam, representing 6.87% of the total population. There are 26 dioceses (including three archdioceses) with 2228 parishes and 2668 priests.

Roman Catholic Church in Asia Jesuit Asia missions Roman Catholic Church in Vietnam Roman Catholic Church by country Christianity in Vietnam
Flag of Vietnam

The flag of Vietnam, also known as the "red flag with yellow star" (cờ đỏ sao vàng), was designed in 1940 and used during an uprising against French rule in Cochinchina that year. The flag was used by the Việt Minh, a communist-led organization created in 1941 to oppose Japanese occupation. At the end of World War II, Việt Minh leader Hồ Chí Minh proclaimed Vietnam independent and signed a decree on September 5, 1945 adopting the Việt Minh flag as the flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

Flags of Vietnam National flags National symbols of Vietnam
Vietnamese Rangers

The Vietnamese Rangers, properly known in Vietnamese as the Biệt Ðộng Quân, more commonly known as the ARVN Rangers, were the Rangers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. Trained and assisted by American Special Forces and Ranger advisers, the Vietnamese Rangers infiltrated beyond enemy lines in daring search and destroy missions.

Military units and formations of South Vietnam Military of South Vietnam 1975 disestablishments Military units and formations disestablished in the 1970s Disbanded armies Military units and formations of the Vietnam War
Vietnamese Canadian

Mainstream Vietnamese communities began arriving in Canada in the mid 1970s and early 1980s as refugees or boat people following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, though a couple thousand were already living in Quebec before then, most of whom were students. Most new arrivees were sponsored by groups of individuals, temples, and churches and settled in areas around Southern Ontario, Montreal, Quebec, and Vancouver, British Columbia.

Ethnic groups in Canada Canadian people of Asian descent Vietnamese diaspora Canadian people of Vietnamese descent
Leaders of South Vietnam

This is a list of leaders of South Vietnam, since the establishment of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina in 1946 until the fall of the Republic of Vietnam in 1975, and the reunification of Vietnam in 1976.

South Vietnam Leaders of South Vietnam
Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam established 1930, is the highest authority within the Communist Party of Vietnam elected by the Party National Congresses. The current Central Committee has about 175 full members and 25 alternate members and nominally appoints the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Politics of Vietnam Communist parties in Vietnam
Water puppetry

Water puppetry (Vietnamese: Múa rối nước, lit. "puppets that dance on water") is a tradition that dates back as far as the 11th century CE when it originated in the villages of the Red River Delta area of northern Vietnam. Today's Vietnamese water puppetry is a unique variation on the ancient Asian puppet tradition. The puppets are made out of wood and then lacquered. The shows are performed in a waist-deep pool.

Puppetry Vietnamese music Vietnamese culture
Vietnamese Scout Association

The Vietnamese Scout Association (Vietnamese: Hội Hướng Đạo Việt Nam) is a youth organization that was established in Vietnam and active between 1930 and 1975. The association was recognized by the World Organization of the Scout Movement from 1957 to 1975. Because of the political situation and war in Vietnam, it was banned in communist North Vietnam after 1954 and in the entire nation after the communist victory following the fall of Saigon.

Non-aligned Scouting organizations Organizations established in 1930 Overseas Vietnamese organizations Exile organizations Scouting and Guiding in Vietnam Vietnamese society
Giò lụa

5th Division (South Vietnam)

The Fifth Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)—the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975—was part of the III Corps that oversaw the region of the country surrounding the capital, Saigon. The Fifth Division was based in Bien Hoa, a town on the northern outskirts of Saigon, and due to the division's close proximity to the capital Saigon was a key factor in the success or failure of the various coup attempts in the nation's history.

Divisions of South Vietnam
Persicaria odorata

Persicaria odorata, the Vietnamese coriander, is an herb whose leaves are used in Southeast Asian cooking. Other English names for the herb include Vietnamese mint, Vietnamese cilantro, Cambodian mint and hot mint. The Vietnamese name is rau răm, while in Malaysia and Singapore it is called daun kesom or daun laksa (laksa leaf). In Thailand, it is called phak phai (ผักไผ่) and the Hmong word for it is Luam Laws. In Laos, it is called phak phaew (ຜັກແພວ.

Medicinal plants Persicaria Herbs Flora of Indomalesia Flora of Vietnam
Role of the United States in the Vietnam War

The role of the United States in the Vietnam War began soon after the Second World War and escalated into full commitment during what is termed the Vietnam War from 1955 to 1975.

Vietnam War History of the foreign relations of the United States
Gin people

Some areas of the southwestern People's Republic of China are inhabited by a small population of an ethnic minority which immigrated from Vietnam hundreds of years ago. They are referred to in Chinese as the Jīng, although the transcription Gin people is the standard romanization of ethnic name in China. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. They speak Vietnamese, mixed with Cantonese dialect, and some Mandarin.

Gin people Ethnic groups officially recognized by China Guangxi Vietnamese diaspora
Economy of Vietnam

The economy of Vietnam is a developing planned economy and market economy. Since the mid-1980s, through the "Đổi Mới" reform period, Vietnam has made a shift from a highly-centralized planned economy to a socialist-oriented market economy which use both directive and indicative planning. Over that period, the economy has experienced rapid growth. Nowadays, Vietnam is in the period of integrating into the world's economy, as a part of globalization. Almost all Vietnamese enterprises are SMEs.

Economy of Vietnam World Trade Organization member economies
Imperial City, Huế


Vietnamese literature

Vietnamese literature is literature, both oral and written, created largely by Vietnamese-speaking people, although Francophone Vietnamese and English-speaking Vietnamese authors in Australia and the United States are counted by many critics as part of the national tradition. For a millennium before the 11th century, Vietnam was dominated by China and as a result much of the written work during this period was in Classical Chinese.

Vietnamese language Vietnamese literature
1962 South Vietnamese Independence Palace bombing

The 1962 South Vietnamese Independence Palace bombing in Saigon was an aerial attack on February 27, 1962, by two dissident Vietnam Air Force pilots, Second Lieutenant Nguyễn Văn Cử and First Lieutenant Phạm Phú Quốc. The pilots targeted the Independence Palace, the official residence of the President of South Vietnam, with the aim of assassinating President Ngô Đình Diệm and his immediate family, who acted as his political advisors.

1960s coups d'état and coup attempts History of Ho Chi Minh City Assassination attempts 1962 in Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem Mutinies Attempted coups Airstrikes Military coups in South Vietnam Conflicts in 1962

United States–Vietnam relations

Vietnamese Americans

Đàn tranh

Cinema of Vietnam

The cinema of Vietnam originates in the 1920s, and has largely been shaped by wars that have been fought in the country from the 1940s to the 1970s. Better known Vietnamese language films include Cyclo, The Scent of Green Papaya and Vertical Ray of the Sun, all by French-trained Việt Kiều director Tran Anh Hung.

Cinema of Vietnam
Large Indian civet

The large Indian civet (Viverra zibetha) is a member of the Viverrid family native to Southeast Asia. In 2008, the IUCN classified the species as Near Threatened, mainly because of trapping-driven declines in heavily hunted and fragmented areas, and the heavy trade as wild meat.

Carnivora of Malaysia Fauna of Hong Kong Mammals of Bangladesh Animals described in 1758 Mammals of Nepal Mammals of India Mammals of Southeast Asia
Vietnam Marine Police

Vietnam Marine Police is a branch of the Vietnam People's Army, under management of Ministry of Defence and Vietnam's coast guard services. Although build up late, Vietnam Marine Police plays important role in maintaining sea security and protection of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf boundary. It has dispatched more Vietnam Marine Police to the sea especially in overlapping areas between Vietnam and foreign countries.

Military of Vietnam Vietnam People's Army Coast guards
Vietnamese iced coffee

Vietnamese iced coffee, also known as Ca phe da or cafe da (Vietnamese: cà phê đá, literally "ice coffee") is a traditional Vietnamese coffee recipe. "Vietnamese iced coffee with milk", also known as ca phe sua da or cà phê sữa đá It is also called ca phe nau da (Vietnamese: cà phê nâu đá, "iced brown coffee") in northern Vietnam.

Coffee beverages Vietnamese beverages
Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

The Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (Tuyên ngôn độc lập Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa) was written by Hồ Chí Minh, and announced in public at the Ba Đình flower garden on September 2, 1945. It led to the secession of North Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh National liberation movements Proclamations Declarations of independence of Vietnam Vietnamese independence movement 1945 in Vietnam 1945 in international relations Military history of Vietnam during World War II Aftermath of World War II 1945 in law
South Vietnamese Army

Vietnam People's Armed Forces

Vietnam People's Armed Forces (VPAF) is the armed forces of Vietnam. It consists of 3 parts: Vietnam People's Army which is the defense force of Vietnam, Vietnam People's Public Security which is the security force of Vietnam and Vietnam Civil Defense Force which is the militia of Vietnam.

Military of Vietnam
Vietnamese Cup

Vietnamese Cup, commonly known as the National Cup (Cúp Quốc gia) is a football club level of Vietnam. It is one of the most important competitions each year. Vietnamese Cup was first held in 1992. Cảng Sài Gòn is the first winner team. The most recent award, Gạch Đồng Tâm Long An has won the cup - this is the 2nd prize of Đồng Tâm Long An in 2005 in the next champion of V-League in 2006. Vietnamese Cup is the second important for the clubs in Vietnam.

Football competitions in Vietnam National association football cups
Dong Ho painting

Dong Ho painting, full name Dong Ho folk woodcut painting (Tranh khắc gỗ dân gian Đông Hồ) is a genre of Vietnamese woodcut paintings originated from Dong Ho village (làng Đông Hồ) in Bac Ninh Province, Vietnam. Using the traditional điệp paper and colours derived from nature, craftsmen print Dong Ho pictures of different themes from good luck wishes, historical figures to everyday activities and folk allegories.

Vietnamese art Vietnamese culture Vietnamese painting Bac Ninh Province

Vietnamese Second Division

The Vietnamese Second Division which has 18 teams, both professional and semi-professional, is divided into 3 groups with 6 teams by geographical place. Teams play in a round robin format. the 3 top teams as well as the 2nd team with most points qualifies for promotion playoff. The 2 winners are promoted to the Vietnamese First Division.

Football competitions in Vietnam
China–Vietnam relations

South Vietnamese Regional Force

During the Vietnam War, the South Vietnamese Regional Forces were roughly akin to militias. Recruited locally, they fell into two broad groups - Regional Forces and Popular Forces (The RFPF's, called Ruff-Puffs by American forces). During the early 1960's the Regional Forces manned the country-wide outpost system and defended critical points, such as bridges and ferries. There were some 9,000 such positions, half of them in the Mekong Delta region.

Military units and formations of South Vietnam Military of South Vietnam 1975 disestablishments Military units and formations disestablished in the 1970s Disbanded armies Military units and formations of the Vietnam War
South Vietnamese Popular Force

During the Vietnam War, the South Vietnamese Popular Force (nghĩa quân) (sometimes abbreviated PFPF or PF) consisted of local militias that protected their home villages from attacks by first Viet Cong forces and later by People's Army of Vietnam units. Originally called the Civil Guard and the Self-Defense Corps, they were integrated into the Army of the Republic of Vietnam in 1964 and placed under the command of the Joint General Staff.

Military units and formations of South Vietnam Military of South Vietnam 1975 disestablishments Military units and formations disestablished in the 1970s Disbanded armies Military units and formations of the Vietnam War
South Vietnamese đồng

Foreign relations of Vietnam

Foreign relations of Vietnam
The Rebel (2007 film)

The Rebel (Vietnamese: Dòng Máu Anh Hùng) is a 2007 Vietnamese martial arts film directed by Charlie Nguyen and starring Johnny Tri Nguyen and Dustin Nguyen. It premiered on April 12, 2007 at the Vietnamese International Film Festival in Irvine, California. It was released on April 27, 2007 in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City and played as the Closing Night film at the 2007 VC FilmFest in Los Angeles.

Vietnamese Western films Martial arts films American Western films Asian American films Vietnamese films 2007 in Vietnam Films shot in Vietnam 2007 films Films about rebels 2000s action films
Siege of Tourane

The Siege of Tourane (September 1858–March 1860) was a Vietnamese victory during the Cochinchina campaign, a punitive campaign against the Vietnamese launched by France and Spain in 1858. A joint Franco-Spanish expedition under the command of Admiral Charles Rigault de Genouilly captured Tourane in September 1858, but was then besieged in the city by the Vietnamese and forced eventually to evacuate it in March 1860.

1858 in Vietnam Military history of the Philippines Conflicts in 1860 Military history of Vietnam 1859 in Vietnam Cochinchina campaign Da Nang Sieges involving Vietnam Conflicts in 1858 Sieges involving France 1860 in Vietnam Conflicts in 1859 Sieges involving Spain
Vietnamese sign languages

The three sign languages indigenous to Vietnam are found in Ho Chi Minh city, Hanoi, and Haiphong. They are part of a sign language area that includes indigenous sign languages of Laos and Thailand, though it is not known if they are related to each other. There is some influence from French Sign Language. There are attempts to develop a national standard language, Vietnamese Sign Language.

Sign language isolates Languages of Vietnam
Scouts' Day

Scouts' Day or Guides' Day is a generic term for special days observed by members of the Scouting movement throughout the year. Some of these days have religious significance, while others may be a simple celebration of Scouting. Typically, it is a day when all members of Scouting will re-affirm the Scout Promise.

Scouting events
Armed Forces Honor Medal

The Vietnam Armed Forces Honor Medal was a decoration of South Vietnam that was first created in 1953. The medal was issued in two grades and reached its height of bestowals during the years of the Vietnam War. The Vietnam Armed Forces Honor Medal was also one of the more commonly award medals to members of foreign militaries, and was frequently bestowed to members of the United States armed forces.

Military awards and decorations of Vietnam
Basa fish

The basa fish, Pangasius bocourti, is a type of catfish in the family Pangasiidae. Basa are native to the Mekong River Delta in Vietnam and Chao Phraya basin in Thailand. These fish are important food fish with an international market. They are often labeled in North America and Australia as "basa fish" or "bocourti". In the UK, the species is known mainly as "river cobbler", with "basa" also being used on occasion. In Europe, these fish are commonly marketed as "pangasius" or "panga".

Fish of Southeast Asia Commercial fish Pangasiidae Edible fish Fauna of Vietnam
Vietnamese pond turtle

The Vietnamese pond turtle or Annam leaf turtle (Mauremys annamensis) is a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae. It can be distinguished from its relatives by its color pattern: the head is dark with three or four yellow stripes down the side. The plastron (belly shield) is firmly attached, yellow or orange, with black blotch on each scute.

Mauremys Fauna of Vietnam Reptiles of Asia
Tonkinese Rifles

The Tonkinese Rifles were a corps of Tonkinese light infantrymen raised in 1884 to support the operations of the Tonkin Expeditionary Corps. Led by French officers seconded from the marine infantry, Tonkinese riflemen fought in several engagements against the Chinese during the Sino-French War and took part in expeditions against Vietnamese insurgents during the subsequent French Pacification of Tonkin.

1884 in France Conflicts in 1885 Tonkin campaign Sino-French War 1884 in Vietnam 1885 in France 1885 in China 1884 in China 1885 in Vietnam Conflicts in 1884
Vietnamese people in Taiwan

Vietnamese people in Taiwan form one of the island's larger communities of foreign residents. Of the roughly 80,000 Vietnamese workers who resided in Taiwan as of 2006, 60,000 are employed as domestic helpers, 16,000 work in factories, 2,000 in marine-based industries, and the remainder in other lines of work. They compose 21% of the island's foreign workers. 42% work in Taipei City, New Taipei City, and Taoyuan County.

Taiwanese people of Vietnamese descent Immigration to Taiwan Ethnic groups in Taiwan Vietnamese diaspora Taiwanese people by ethnic or national origin Vietnamese expatriates in Taiwan
Music of Vietnam

Traditional Vietnamese music is highly diverse and syncretistic, combining native and foreign influences. Throughout its history, Vietnam has been heavily impacted by the Chinese musical tradition, as an integral part, along with Korea, Mongolia and Japan. The ancient Indochinese kingdom of Champa also had an historical effect upon this music, because the Vietnamese court found it intriguing.

Vietnamese music
Vietnamese Famine of 1945

The Vietnamese Famine of 1945 (Vietnamese: Nạn đói Ất Dậu - Famine of the Ất Dậu Year) was a famine that occurred in northern Vietnam from October 1944 to May 1945, during the Japanese occupation of French Indochina in World War II. Between 400,000 and 2 million people are estimated to have starved to death during this time.

History of Vietnam 1945 in Vietnam 1944 in Vietnam 20th century in Vietnam Military history of Vietnam during World War II Famines Disasters in Vietnam
Cambodia–Vietnam relations

Universiti Teknologi Petronas

Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS was established on 10 January 1997 when PETRONAS was invited by the Government of Malaysia to set up a university.

Northern Corridor Economic Region Petronas Norman Foster buildings Universities in Malaysia Universities in Perak Aga Khan Award for Architecture winners Educational institutions established in 1997
Saigon Cinnamon

Saigon Cinnamon (Cinnamomum loureiroi, also known as Vietnamese cinnamon or Vietnamese cassia and Quế Trà My or Quế Thanh in Vietnam) is an evergreen tree in the genus Cinnamomum, indigenous to mainland Southeast Asia. Despite its name, it is more closely related to cassia than to cinnamon, though in the same genus as both. Saigon cinnamon has 1-5% essential oil in content and 25% cinnamaldehyde in essential oil, which is the highest of all the cinnamon species.

Cinnamomum Spices
Vietnamese people in Hong Kong

Many of the Vietnamese people in Hong Kong immigrated as a result of the war and persecution in Vietnam since the mid-1970s. There is however also small but growing community of diaspora vietnamese being sent to Hong Kong forming an expatriate community, from countries far afield like Australia, USA, UK, Germany, France, Denmark and Austria.

Ethnic groups in Hong Kong Vietnamese migration Vietnamese expatriates in Hong Kong Hong Kong society Vietnamese diaspora Chinese people of Vietnamese descent
Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation

Please see "Presidential Unit Citation" for other nations' versions of this award Presidential Unit Citation File:Presidential Unit Citation (Vietnam). svgVietnam Presidential Unit Citation Awarded by 22x20px South Vietnam Type Unit citation Status No longer awarded 200pxStreamer The Republic of Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation was awarded by the Vietnamese government to all personnel in the Military Assistance Advisory Group, Indo-China, during August and September 1954.

Presidential unit citations Military awards and decorations of Vietnam
Tây Bồi

Vietnamese border raids in Thailand

After the 1978 Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia and defeat of Democratic Kampuchea in 1979, the Khmer Rouge fled to the border regions of Thailand, and with assistance from China Pol Pot's troops managed to regroup and reorganize in forested and mountainous zones on the Thai-Cambodian border.

Cambodia–Thailand border Military history of Vietnam History of Cambodia Wars involving Vietnam Invasions Wars involving Thailand Military history of Thailand 20th century in Thailand Sino-Vietnamese War History of Thailand
Declarations of independence of Vietnam

Current Vietnamese historical science considers that Vietnam has had a total of three declarations of independence: The poem Nam quốc sơn hà (Mountains and rivers of Southern country) was written in 1077 by Lý Thường Kiệt and recited next to the defense line of the Như Nguyệt river (Cầu river), originally with the reason to incentive the spirit of the soldiers.

Vietnamese literature Declarations of independence of Vietnam
Distinguished Service Order (Vietnam)

The Vietnam Distinguished Service Order was a military decoration of South Vietnam which was awarded throughout the years of the Vietnam War. The decoration was bestowed for meritorious or heroic deeds related to war time operations and was awarded for both combat and non-combat service. There were two classes of the Vietnam Distinguished Service Order, the first class being for officers and the second class for enlisted personnel.

Military awards and decorations of Vietnam
Five-Year Plans of Vietnam

The Five-Year Plans of Vietnam are a series of economic development initiatives. The Vietnamese economy are shaped primarily by the Vietnamese Communist Party through the plenary sessions of the Central Committee and national congresses. The party plays a leading role in establishing the foundations and principles of communism, mapping strategies for economic development, setting growth targets, and launching reforms.

Economic planning Communism in Vietnam Five-year plans Economic history of Vietnam 20th century in Vietnam
Siamese–Vietnamese War (1841–1845)

Vietnamese Quoted-Readable

Vietnamese Quoted-Readable (usually abbreviated VIQR), also known as Vietnet, is a convention for writing Vietnamese using ASCII characters. Because the Vietnamese alphabet contains a complex system of diacritical marks, VIQR requires the user to type in a base letter, followed by one or two characters that represent the diacritical marks.

Character encoding Vietnamese character input

1471 Vietnamese invasion of Champa

1471 Vietnamese invasion of Champa under Emperor Lê Thánh Tông was a military expedition that is widely regarded as marking the downfall of Champa. The Vietnamese forces attacked and sacked the capital Vijaya, and decimated the Cham army. As a result of the conflict, Champa was forced to cede territory to Vietnam and from thereafter ceased to pose a threat to Vietnamese territory.

History of Champa Lê Dynasty Wars involving Vietnam 1471 in Vietnam Conflicts in 1471
Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum

The Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum is a trilingual Vietnamese-Portuguese-Latin dictionary written by the French Jesuit lexicographer Alexandre de Rhodes after 12 years in Vietnam, and published by the Propaganda Fide in Rome in 1651 upon Rhodes' visit to Europe. Before Rhodes's work, traditional Vietnamese dictionaries used to show the correspondences between Chinese characters and Vietnamese Chữ Nôm script.

Portuguese dictionaries Jesuit Asia missions 1651 books Latin dictionaries Translation dictionaries Vietnamese dictionaries Jesuit publications
Modern Cambodia

After the fall of the Pol Pot regime of Democratic Kampuchea, Cambodia was under Vietnamese occupation and a pro-Hanoi government, the People's Republic of Kampuchea was established.

21st century in Cambodia History of Cambodia 20th century in Cambodia
Vietnamese art

Vietnamese art is art created in Vietnam or by Vietnamese artists, from ancient times to the present.

Vietnamese art Art by nationality
Vietnamese Pheasant

The Vietnamese Pheasant, or Vietnam Fireback, (Lophura hatinhensis) is a species of gallopheasant. Discovered in 1964, it is endemic to central Vietnam. Its range concentrates around Ke Go Nature Reserve in Ha Tinh Province.

Gallopheasants Birds of Vietnam Endemic fauna of Vietnam Controversial bird taxa
Vietnam People's Public Security

The People's Public Security of Vietnam is the main police and security force of Vietnam. It is a part of Vietnam People's Armed Forces. This force was created on August 19, 1945.

Military of Vietnam Law enforcement in Vietnam Law enforcement agencies in Asia
Vietnamese boat people

Public holidays in Vietnam

Public holidays in Vietnam are days when workers get the day off work. Prior to 2007, Vietnamese workers observed 8 days of public holiday a year, among the lowest in the region. On March 28, 2007 the government added the traditional holiday commemorating the mythical Hùng Kings to its list of public holidays, increasing the number of days to 9. As in most other nations, if a holiday falls during the weekend, it is observed on the following Monday.

Public holidays by country Vietnamese culture Public holidays in Vietnam Vietnamese society
Don Hồ

Miss Vietnam World

Miss Vietnam World (or Miss World Vietnamese) is a beauty contest for both Vietnamese women in Vietnam and Overseas Vietnamese women from other countries in the world. The pageant is not related to Miss Universe Vietnam or Miss Vietnam pageants. The contest was first held in 2007, and the next was held in August 2010.

Beauty pageants in Vietnam
Assembly of Vietnamese Youth for Democracy

Assembly of Vietnamese Youth for Democracy or Democratic Youth Movement is an organization of young Vietnamese worldwide intent on pushing for political freedom in Vietnam. The movement was founded by Nguyễn Tiến Trung a student dissident recently arrested by the authorities in Vietnam July 7, 2009 and charged with "plotting to overthrow the regime".

Vietnam youth organization Politics of Vietnam Vietnamese society
Standing Committee of the National Assembly

The Standing Committee of the National Assembly, formerly known as the Council of State, is the highest standing body of the National Assembly of Vietnam. Its members, who serve as a collective presidency for Vietnam, are elected from among National Assembly deputies.

Politics of Vietnam

The Batutut or Ujit or Người rừng, sometimes also known as "forest people", is a proposed hominid cryptid, reputedly similar to the bigfoot, thought to inhabit the Vu Quang nature reserve and other wilderness areas of Vietnam, Laos and northern Borneo. The Vu Quang has been the source of a number of newly discovered mammals by Dr. John MacKinnon.

Hominid cryptids
Pháp Hoa Temple

When Heaven and Earth Changed Places

When Heaven and Earth Changed Places is a 1989 memoir by Le Ly Hayslip about her childhood during the Vietnam War, her escape to the United States, and her return to visit Vietnam 16 years later. The Oliver Stone film Heaven & Earth was based on the memoir. The book was written with Jay Wurts, an L.A. -based writer and editor.

Asian American literature Literature by Asian American women Autobiographical novels Vietnam War books 1989 books
Ngo Dinh Diem presidential visit to the United States

Ngo Dinh Diem, the President of South Vietnam, made a state visit to the United States, the main ally of his government, in 1957. Diem received a glowing welcome and was heaped with praise as a leader of a "free country" in the midst of the Cold War. The receptions during the visit were in large part organized by the American Friends of Vietnam (AFV), a lobby group dedicated to resolute US support of South Vietnam and which included many politicians from both major parties.

Cold War history of the United States Diplomatic visits by heads of state History of South Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem 1957 in the United States 1957 in international relations 1957 in Vietnam Diplomatic conferences in the United States Ngo family
Bánh xèo

Edwards's Pheasant

Edwards's Pheasant, Lophura edwardsi, is a bird of the pheasant family Phasianidae and is endemic to the rainforests of Vietnam. It is named after the French ornithologist Alphonse Milne-Edwards and first described to science in 1896 The bird's length is 58–65 centimetres (23–26 in) and has red legs and facial skin. The male is mainly blue-black with a crest, and the female is a drab brown bird.

Gallopheasants Birds of Bangladesh
Vietnamese Standard Code for Information Interchange

The Vietnamese Standard Code for Information Interchange (VISCII) is a character set comprising the Vietnamese alphabet, punctuation, and other graphemes. Vietnamese requires slightly too many (134) letter/diacritic combinations to make a traditional extended ASCII character set for it. There are essentially 3 possible solutions to this.

Character sets Vietnamese writing systems
Ministry of Public Security (Vietnam)

Ministry of Public Security of Vietnam (Bộ Công an Việt Nam) is the ministry of the interior of Vietnam. It was established with the help of former Soviet Union and China, and in addition to the regular police officer corps, it also administer the Public Security forces, which is the paramilitary force with primary mission for internal security, and the secondary military mission for helping the regular army to defend the country from foreign aggression.

Government of Vietnam Law enforcement in Vietnam
Theatre of Vietnam

Theater of Vietnam comprises many traditional forms of drama which survive and retain their popularity to varying degrees.

Asian drama Theatre in Vietnam
Cuora cyclornata

The Vietnamese three-striped box turtle (Cuora cyclornata) also known as green rice turtle in China, is a species of the southeast Asian Genus Cuora. It is distributed from the extreme southern part of the Chinese Guangxi Province southwards to central Vietnam and central Laos People's Democratic Republic. This species reaches up to 30 cm straight carapace length and is thus the largest Cuora species.

Vietnamese phonology

This article is a technical description of the sound system of the Vietnamese language, including phonetics and phonology.

Vietnamese language Language phonologies
Vietnamese Constitutional Monarchist League

Vietnamese Constitutional Monarchist League (VCML), .

Political parties established in 1993 Anti-communism in Vietnam Politics of Vietnam Overseas Vietnamese organizations Anti-communist organizations Monarchist parties
Early life and military career of John McCain

The early life and military career of John Sidney McCain III spans the first forty-five years of his life (1936–1981). McCain's father and grandfather were admirals in the United States Navy. McCain was born on August 29, 1936, in the Panama Canal Zone, and attended many schools growing up as his family moved among naval facilities. McCain graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1958.

United States Naval Academy alumni Vietnam War prisoners of war Recipients of the Prisoner of War Medal Recipients of the Silver Star American torture victims United States Navy officers John McCain American military personnel of the Vietnam War Recipients of the Purple Heart medal Early lives by individual Recipients of the Bronze Star Medal United States naval aviators Recipients of the Legion of Merit Shot-down aviators Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United States) Military careers
Football in Vietnam

Association football in Vietnam is run by the Vietnam Football Federation. The federation administers the Vietnam national football team, as well as the V-League, Vietnamese First Division, Vietnamese Second Division and Vietnamese Third Division. Football is unarguably the main and most popular sport in Vietnam. Its annual V-League competition has taken place since 1980 till now (except in 1988 and 1999). When Vietnam was split into North Vietnam and South Vietnam, two national teams existed.

Football in Vietnam
Black-breasted leaf turtle

The Black-breasted leaf turtle (Geoemyda spengleri), Vietnamese leaf turtle or Black-breasted hill turtle is a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae (formerly called Bataguridae). It is found in China and Vietnam. It has been recently discovered in Laos too.

Reptiles of China Reptiles of Vietnam Reptiles of Asia Geoemyda
Union of Vietnamese Student Associations of Southern California

The Union of Vietnamese Student Associations of Southern California is a network of Vietnamese Student Associations at various Southern California universities and colleges. Its programs include the promotion and retention of Vietnamese language and culture among the Vietnamese youth community, especially through the inter-school support of the Vietnamese Culture Shows, fostering social networking among the different VSAs and participation in the philanthropic work of the Vietnamese community.

Overseas Vietnamese organizations in the United States Vietnamese students' associations Vietnamese community organizations
Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Hiến pháp Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is the current constitution of Vietnam, adopted on April 15, 1992 by the Eighth National Assembly, and amended by the National Assembly in December 2001.

Government of Vietnam Vietnamese law Constitutions by country
Vietnamese ceramics

Vietnamese ceramics refers to pottery designed or produced in Vietnam. Vietnamese pottery and ceramics has a long history spanning back to thousands of years ago, including long before Chinese domination, as archeological evidence supports. Much of Vietnamese pottery and ceramics after the Chinese-domination era was largely influenced by Chinese ceramics, but has developed over time to be distinctly Vietnamese. Vietnamese potters combined indigenous and Chinese elements.

Vietnamese art Vietnamese pottery History of ceramics
South Vietnam national football team

The South Vietnam national football team was the national team of South Vietnam controlled by Vietnam Football Association between 1949 and 1975. It took part in the first two Asian Cups finals (1956 and 1960), finishing fourth both times. The team also entered qualification for the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The team ceased to exist when the North and South regions combined into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

National sports teams of Vietnam Asian national association football teams South Vietnam national football team
25th Division (South Vietnam)

The 25th Division of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)—the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975—was part of the III Corps that oversaw the region of the country surrounding the capital, Saigon. It was based at Cu Chi to the west of the city centre.

Divisions of South Vietnam
Heude's pig

The Heude's pig (Sus bucculentus), also known as the Indochinese warty pig or Vietnam warty pig, is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Suidae family. It is found in Laos and Vietnam. It is virtually unknown and was feared extinct, until the discovery of a skull from a recently killed individual in the Annamite Range, Laos, in 1995. Recent evidence has suggested that the Heude's pig may be identical to (and consequently a synonym of) wild boars from Indochina east of the Mekong.

Mammals of Vietnam Pigs
List of diplomatic missions of Vietnam

This is a list of diplomatic missions of Vietnam, excluding honorary consulates. The first overseas presence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (the antecedent to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam) was a representative office in Paris, approximately during the period of the Fontainebleau Conference in 1946–1947. There was later a representative office operating in Bangkok from 1948, although it was closed in 1951 when the Thai government recognised the Republic of Vietnam.

Lists of diplomatic missions by sending country Vietnam-related lists Diplomatic missions of Vietnam
Vietnamese Student Association

The Vietnamese Student Association (VSA) refers to campus-based not-for-profit student groups located all over the world in areas where communities of overseas Vietnamese exist. It is also known as Hội Sinh Viên Việt Nam (postsecondary) or Hội Học Sinh Việt Nam (secondary) in Vietnamese. Each VSA operates independently, therefore the structure, mission, membership requirements and activities may vary from school-to-school. In general, VSAs exist to preserve the Vietnamese culture and heritage.

Groups of students' unions Vietnamese students' associations Students' unions Vietnamese community organizations Overseas Vietnamese organizations Vietnamese diaspora
Vietnamese Super Cup

The Vietnamese Super Cup was an annual football match contested by the winners of the previous season's V-League and Vietnamese Cup competitions.

Football competitions in Vietnam National association football supercups

Élysée Accords

Vietnamese Golden Ball

Vietnamese Golden Ball (Vietnamese: Quả bóng vàng Việt Nam) also referred to as Vietnamese Footballer of the Year, is an annual association football award for the best performances of Vietnamese footballer over the previous year. Presented since 1995 by Sài Gòn Giải Phóng Newspaper. The first winner was striker Le Huynh Duc. Since 2001, It also awards Young Player of the Year, Best Woman Player of the year and Best Foreign Player of the year.

Football in Vietnam Asian football trophies and awards
2012 Vietnamese Super League

The 2012 V-League season will be the 29th season of Vietnam's professional football league and will start on the 31st December 2011 and finish in July 2012. On 15 December it was announced that the league would change name and would simply be known as the Premier League. Then, it was changed name to Super League.

Football competitions in Vietnam 2012 domestic association football leagues 2012 in Vietnam
Vietnamese Girl Scout Association

The Vietnamese Girl Scout Association (Vietnamese: Hội Nữ Hướng Đạo Việt Nam) was the organization for Girl Scouts in South Vietnam. Girl Scouting began in Vietnam in 1928. http://vintagegirlscout. com In April 1957, the Vietnamese Girl Scout Association was established. In 1966 the Vietnamese Girl Scout Association was recognized as a member of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, last mentioned in 1973.

Non-aligned Scouting organizations Overseas Vietnamese organizations Exile organizations Scouting and Guiding in Vietnam Organizations established in 1957 Vietnamese society
France–Vietnam relations

Vietnamese music

Vietnamese Trotskyism

Vietnamese Trotskyism describes proponents of Trotskyism (Leon Trotsky's Marxist political philosophy) who were active in the nation of Vietnam. In the history of twentieth-century communism, Vietnam was one of the few countries where Trotskyism had a large movement. Vietnamese Trotskyist leaders and most of its members were exterminated by the Communist Party of Vietnam from the beginning of September 1945.

Trotskyism 20th century in Vietnam Politics of Vietnam Communist parties in Vietnam
Vietnamese Cambodian

Vietnamese Cambodian (referred to as Yuon in Khmer) constitute a significant portion of Cambodia's population, and is the largest ethnic minority in Cambodia. It refers to a Vietnamese person born in Cambodia or a person born of Vietnamese and Cambodian ancestry. Enmity has existed between the Khmer and the Vietnamese for centuries, but this antagonism did not hinder the growth of a sizable Vietnamese community scattered throughout southeastern and central Cambodia.

Cambodian people of Vietnamese descent Ethnic groups in Cambodia Vietnamese diaspora
Vietnamese people in Bulgaria

Vietnamese people form the small immigrant community of Overseas Vietnamese in Bulgaria today, but their numbers were much higher in the 1980s. As of 2005, the Vietnamese community in Bulgaria numbers 1,500, including Bulgarian residents and/or citizens. They mainly live in the capital Sofia, but also in Plovdiv, Dimitrovgrad and Varna . Many vietnamese people also live in Kozloduy. The Vietnamese diaspora in Bulgaria dates to the 1960s.

Vietnamese diaspora Ethnic groups in Bulgaria
P 4 class torpedo boat

The P 4 class torpedo boat were aluminum-hulled torpedo boats of the People's Republic of China's People's Liberation Army Navy. Based on the Soviet K-123 hydroplane design, they were armed with twin 14.5-millimetre (0.57 in) machine guns, and two 17-inch (43 cm) torpedoes. This class is currently considered obsolete, but was not completely retired from active service, being placed in reserve until the mid-1990s.

China–Soviet Union relations Torpedo boats of the People's Liberation Army Navy Small combat vessel classes Ships of the Soviet Navy
Bước nhảy hoàn vũ

Museum of Vietnamese History

The Museum of Vietnamese History is located at 2 Nguyen Binh Khiem Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Formerly known as "Musée Blanchard de la Brosse" and "The National Museum of Viet Nam in Sai Gon", it received its current name in 1979. It is a museum showcasing Vietnam's history with different exhibits from all periods. The topics covered by the exhibits include the following: Prehistoric Period (500,000 years ago to 2879 BC).

French Colonial architecture in Vietnam Museums in Ho Chi Minh City
Rail transport in Vietnam

The railway system in Vietnam is owned and operated by the state-owned Vietnam Railways (Vietnamese: Đường sắt Việt Nam). The principal route, the single track North-South Railway running between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, accounts for 1,726 kilometres (1,072 mi) of the network's total length of 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi). The national railway network uses mainly metre gauge, although there are several standard gauge and mixed gauge lines in the North of the country.

Transport in Vietnam Rail transport in Vietnam
Traditional Vietnamese dance

Traditional Vietnamese dance includes several different forms. These include: dance as performed in Vietnamese theatre and opera, dances performed at festivals, and royal dances of the imperial court. Dance is thought to have been an integral part of Vietnamese culture since ancient times, as depicted by engravings found on Dong Son drums. Vietnam is a diverse country with 54 different ethnic groups, with the ethnic Vietnamese making up the majority of the population.

Dance in Vietnam
Vietnamese International Film Festival

First started in 2003, the Vietnamese International Film Festival (also known as ViFF) is a biennial film festival organized by the non-profits Vietnamese-American Arts & Letters Association (VAALA) and UCLAs VietNamese Language and Culture (VNLC). ViFF takes place at the University of California, Irvine, the University of California, Los Angeles, and other locations in and near the Little Saigon area of Orange County, California.

Asian American film festivals Vietnamese community organizations Film festivals in the United States Orange County, California culture Festivals in Los Angeles, California International film festivals Vietnamese diaspora
List of Vietnamese political parties

This article lists political parties in Vietnam. Vietnam is a single-party state. This means that only one political party, the Communist Party of Vietnam (Đảng Cộng Sản Việt Nam) is legally allowed to hold effective power. Vietnamese elections conform to the popular front principle used in communist countries. The united front in Vietnam is called the Vietnamese Fatherland Front and is led by the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Political parties in Vietnam Vietnam-related lists Lists of political parties
September 1964 South Vietnamese coup attempt

Before dawn on September 13, 1964, the ruling military junta of South Vietnam, led by General Nguyen Khanh, was threatened by a coup attempt headed by Generals Lam Van Phat and Duong Van Duc, who sent dissident units into the capital Saigon. They captured various key points and announced over national radio the overthrow of the incumbent regime. With the help of the Americans, Khanh was able to rally support and the coup collapsed the next morning without any casualties.

1960s coups d'état and coup attempts Military coups in South Vietnam 1964 in Vietnam Attempted coups
List of U.S. cities with large Vietnamese American populations

The following is a list of U.S. cities with large Vietnamese American populations. They consist of cities with at least 10,000 Vietnamese Americans or where Vietnamese Americans constitute a large percentage of the population. The information contained here was based on the 2000 U.S. Census. Vietnamese-Americans immigrated to the United States in different waves. The first wave of Vietnamese from just before or after the Fall of Saigon/the last day of the Vietnam War, April 30, 1975.

Lists of United States populated places by ethnic group Vietnamese-American history
Vietnam National University

Vietnamese dragon

Vietnamese dragons are symbolic creatures in the folklore and mythology of Vietnam. According to an ancient creation myth, the Vietnamese people are descended from a dragon and a fairy. To Vietnamese people, the dragon brings rain, essential for agriculture. It represents the emperor, the prosperity and power of the nation. Like the Chinese dragon, the Vietnamese dragon is the symbol of yang, representing the universe, life, existence, and growth.

Dragons Vietnamese mythology National symbols of Vietnam
1965 South Vietnamese coup

On February 19, 1965, some units of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam commanded by General Lam Van Phat and Colonel Pham Ngoc Thao launched a coup against General Nguyen Khanh, the head of South Vietnam's ruling military junta. Their aim was to install General Tran Thien Khiem, a Khanh rival who had been sent to Washington DC as Ambassador to the United States to prevent him from seizing power.

Battles and conflicts without fatalities 1960s coups d'état and coup attempts 1965 in Vietnam Military coups in South Vietnam
International Vietnamese Youth Conference

Len Duong International Vietnamese Youth Network organises multi-day International Vietnamese Youth Conferences every 2–3 years, drawing Vietnamese youths from around the world to gather and discuss topics relating to Vietnamese youths and to network with each other. These conferences draw anywhere from 200 to 600 attendees from more than 15 countries.

Overseas Vietnamese organizations Vietnamese community organizations Youth conferences
Traditional Vietnamese wedding

The traditional Vietnamese wedding is one of the most important ceremonies in Vietnamese culture, with influence from Confucian and Buddhist ideologies.

Vietnamese culture Weddings by nationality
Ai Là Triệu Phú

Korean Vietnamese

December 1964 South Vietnamese coup

Before dawn on December 19, 1964, the ruling military junta of South Vietnam led by General Nguyen Khanh dissolved the High National Council (HNC) and arrested some of its members. The HNC was an unelected legislative-style civilian advisory body they had created at the request of the United States—South Vietnam's main sponsor—to give a veneer of civilian rule. This dismayed the Americans, particularly the ambassador, Maxwell D.

1960s coups d'état and coup attempts Military coups in South Vietnam 1964 in Vietnam
List of Vietnamese people

Famous or notable Vietnamese people include:

Vietnamese people Vietnam-related lists Lists of people by nationality
Women in Vietnam

Women in Vietnam played a significant role in defending Vietnam during the Vietnam War from 1945 to 1975. They took roles such as village patrol guards, intelligence agents, propagandists, and military recruiters. According to Sandra C.

History of Vietnam Vietnamese people
India–Vietnam relations

Vietnam General Confederation of Labour

The Vietnam General Confederation of Labour (VGCL) is the sole national trade union center in Vietnam. It was founded July 29, 1929 as the Red Workers' General Union in Northern Vietnam, and extended into the entire country after the collapse of South Vietnam in 1976. VGCL's role, as shown on the Vietnamese side of its website, includes "responsibility to implement the Party’s directions and policies and to contribute to the Party’s development".

Trade unions in Vietnam World Federation of Trade Unions
Vietnamese (language)

Vietnamese people in Korea

Vietnamese people in Korea have a history going back to the latter days of Vietnam's Lý Dynasty; several princes of Ly sought refuge with the kingdom of Goryeo. After the division of Korea and the Korean War, Vietnamese people had various contacts with both North and South Korea. In the latter, Vietnamese are the second-largest group of foreigners, after Chinese migrants.

Demographics of South Korea Korean society Vietnamese diaspora
Christianity in Vietnam

Christianity was first introduced to Vietnam in the 16th century and established a solid position in Vietnamese society since the 19th century. Roman Catholics and Protestants today constitute 7% and 1% of the country’s population accordingly; the newest government census shows that is 8% (7% Catholic and 1% Protestant). Christian communes still remain under control of state authorities.

Christianity in Asia Christianity in Vietnam
Norwegian Vietnamese

Norwegian Vietnamese refers to citizens or naturalized residents of Norway of Vietnamese descent. When this article describes Vietnamese living in Norway, it primarily means persons with two parents born in Vietnam. Thus, statistics used in this article do not include Vietnamese-descended persons with only one parent, or no parents born in Vietnam.

Vietnamese diaspora Norwegian people by ethnicity Norwegian people of Vietnamese descent Ethnic groups in Norway
Chapa pygmy dormouse

The Chapa pygmy dormouse or Vietnamese pygmy dormouse (Typhlomys cinereus chapensis) is a rodent endemic to Vietnam. It is listed as a critically endangered species. It is often considered a separate species, but is now recognized as a subspecies of the Chinese Pygmy Dormouse (T. cinereus).

Oriental dormice
German Vietnamese

Vietnamese history

List of Vietnamese dynasties

South Korean Vietnamese

Demographics of Vietnam

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Vietnam, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Originating in what is now southern China and northern Vietnam, the Vietnamese people pushed southward over two millennia to occupy the entire eastern seacoast of the Indochinese Peninsula.

Demographics of Vietnam
Vietnamese Wikipedia

The Vietnamese Wikipedia (Vietnamese: Wikipedia tiếng Việt) is the Vietnamese-language edition of Wikipedia, a free, publicly editable, online encyclopedia supported by the Wikimedia Foundation. As with other language editions of Wikipedia, the project's content is both created and accessed using the MediaWiki wiki software.

Vietnamese encyclopedias Wikipedias by language
Japan–Vietnam relations

Russian Vietnamese

Siamese–Vietnamese War (1831–1834)

North Vietnamese invasion of Laos

The North Vietnamese invaded Laos between 1958–1959. Souvanna Phouma announced that with the holding of elections the Royal Lao Government had fulfilled the political obligations it had assumed at Geneva, and the International Control Commission (ICC) adjourned sine die. Phoui, less scrupulous about preserving Laos's neutrality than his predecessor, angered Moscow and Hanoi by admitting diplomats from Taipei and Saigon.

History of Laos Laotian Civil War 1958 in Vietnam Wars involving Vietnam 1959 in Vietnam Wars involving Laos Military campaigns involving Vietnam Campaigns of the Vietnam War Conflicts in 1959 Conflicts in 1958
Federal Vietnamese Students Association of Australia

The Federal Vietnamese Students Association in Australia (Vietnamese: Tổng Hội Sinh Viên Học Sinh Việt Nam Liên Bang Úc Châu) is an Australia-wide non-profit network composed of Vietnamese student and youth organizations for the purpose of networking as well as philanthropic and political work related to the Vietnamese youth.

Youth organizations Overseas Vietnamese organizations Vietnamese community organizations
Kinh people

Vietnamese Family of Buddhists

The Vietnamese Family of Buddhists (also known as Gia đình phật tử Việt Nam) is a Buddhist youth organisation that seeks to imbue its members with Buddhist ethics. It has been in existence for over 60 years in Vietnam and in Overseas Vietnamese communities since the Fall of Saigon, and are usually associated with Buddhist temples.

Buddhism in Vietnam Buddhist organizations
Cuora picturata

The Southern Vietnamese Box turtle (Cuora picturata) is endemic to the southern mountainous regions of Vietnam possibly also occurring in extreme eastern Cambodia and southern Laos. This species was initially described as a subspecies of Cuora galbinifrons but was shown to be genetically distinct (Stuart & Parham, 2004).


Scolopendra subspinipes

Scolopendra subspinipes is a species of centipede occasionally reaching 19 cm in length. This is large for a centipede, but there are several larger species. It is found throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world, and is one of only three species of centipedes in Hawaii. It is dark in color and has 21 body segments. It has one pair of legs per segment, a characteristic of centipedes. It is often sold as a terrarium animal and called the Vietnamese Centipede.

Centipedes Animals described in 1815
Ethnic groups in Vietnam

Vietnamese wine

Vietnamese wine is wine produced in the Southeast Asian country of Vietnam. The area was first cultivated for viticulture during the French colonial rule of the region in the late 19th century. The region's tropical climate was ill suited for the type of Vitis vinifera that the French colonists were used to and the wine industry turned its attention to fruit wine production.

Vietnamese alcoholic beverages Vietnamese wine
2010 Vietnamese First Division

The Vietnamese First Division is the second highest league in Vietnamese football after the V-League with 14 teams competing in it.

Football competitions in Vietnam 2010 in Vietnam 2010 domestic association football leagues

List of newspapers in Vietnam

This is a list of newspapers in Vietnam. Công An Police Hà Nội Mới New Hanoi Lao Động Labour Nhân Dân The People Sài Gòn Giải Phóng Liberated Saigon Thanh Nien Thanhniennews. com (English) Thanhnien online Tiền Phong Vanguard Tuổi Trẻ Youth, www. tuoitrenews. vn Báo Đảng Communist Party of Vietnam Website Below is a list of websites published in Vietnam in alphabetical order. 24h. com. vn 24h. com.

Vietnam-related lists Lists of newspapers by country
Vietnamese cash

Vietnamese cash is a cast round coin with a square hole. The same type of currency circulated in China, Japan and Korea for centuries.

Ancient currencies Medieval currencies Economic history of Vietnam Currencies of Vietnam Modern obsolete currencies
Vietnamese Professionals Society

The Vietnamese Professionals Society (abbreviated VPS; Vietnamese: Hội Chuyên gia Việt Nam) is a non-profit worldwide membership organization of Vietnamese professionals of various technical, economic, medical, legal field. Its mission is to increase the knowledge and understanding of the social and economic conditions in Vietnam, to promote the welfare of the Vietnamese people. VPS is most famous for its Vietnamese accent marks software VPSKeys.

Organizations established in 1990 Overseas Vietnamese organizations Vietnamese community organizations
Health in Vietnam

The overall quality of health in Vietnam is good, as reflected by 2005 estimates of life expectancy (70.61 years) and infant mortality (25.95 per 1,000 live births). However, malnutrition is still common in the provinces, and the life expectancy and infant mortality rates are stagnating. In 2001 government spending on health care corresponded to just 0.9 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

Health in Vietnam
French Vietnamese

South Vietnamese Regional Forces

National Museum of Vietnamese History

The National Museum of Vietnamese History is located in the Hoan Kiem district of Hanoi, Vietnam.

History museums in Vietnam Museums in Hanoi French Colonial architecture in Vietnam
Vietnamese numerals

In the Vietnamese language there are two sets of numeric systems, based on the Native Vietnamese and Sino-Vietnamese names of numbers.

Vietnamese language Numerals
Vietnamese people in Germany

Vietnamese people in Germany form the country's largest group of resident foreigners from Asia, with Federal Statistical Office figures showing 83,446 Vietnamese nationals residing in Germany at the end of 2005. Not included in those figures are individuals of Vietnamese origin or descent who have naturalised as German citizens. Between 1981 and 2007, 41,499 people gave up Vietnamese citizenship to take German nationality.

Vietnamese expatriates in Germany German people of Vietnamese descent Vietnamese diaspora Ethnic groups in Germany
Len Duong International Vietnamese Youth Network

The Len Duong International Vietnamese Youth Network (Vietnamese: Mạng Lưới Tuổi Trẻ Việt Nam Lên Ðường) is an international non-profit network composed of Vietnamese student and youth organizations for the purpose of networking as well as philanthropic and political work related to the Vietnamese youth.

Youth organizations Overseas Vietnamese organizations Vietnamese community organizations International Young Democrat Union
Vietnamese people in the Czech Republic

Vietnamese people in the Czech Republic, including residents and citizens, form the largest immigrant community in the country (and 3rd largest ethnic minority at all, after Slovaks and Romanies), numbering more than 83,000 people according to 2011 census. According to the 2001 census, there were 17,462 ethnic Vietnamese in the Czech Republic.

Ethnic groups in the Czech Republic Vietnamese diaspora
Vietnamese people in Senegal

The Vietnamese people in Senegal consists of both expatriate technicians and laborers from Vietnam, as well as the mixed-race descendants of early 20th-century migrants. A total of several hundred are estimated to live in Senegal; the national capital Dakar even boasts a few Vietnamese restaurants.

Ethnic groups in Senegal Vietnamese diaspora
South Vietnamese Popular Forces

Vietnamese reunification

Vietnamese French (dialect)

Vietnamese French is a dialect of French spoken in Vietnam. Vietnam is the largest of the three Francophone nations in Asia, the others being Laos and Cambodia, and the language is spoken by over 5% of the population and sometimes used in international relations.

Languages of Vietnam French dialects French language France–Vietnam relations
Traditional Vietnamese musical instruments

Traditional Vietnamese musical instruments are the musical instruments used in the traditional and classical musics of Vietnam. They comprise a wide range of string, wind, and percussion instruments, used by both the Viet (Kinh) majority as well as the nation's ethnic minorities.

Vietnamese musical instruments
Vietnamese poetry

Vietnamese poetry originated in the form of folk poetry and proverbs. Vietnamese poetic structures include six-eight, couplet of seven sextuplet of eight, and various styles shared with Classical Chinese poetry forms, such as are found in Tang poetry; examples include verse forms with "seven words each line for eight lines," "seven words each line for four lines" (a type of quatrain), and "five words each line for eight lines. " More recently there have been new poetry and free poetry.

Poetry by nation or language Vietnamese literature
Chinese Vietnamese

Adrift (2009 Vietnamese film)

Adrift is a 2009 Vietnamese film directed by Bui Thac Chuyen and stars Linh Dan Pham, Do Thi Hai Yen, Johnny Tri Nguyen and Nguyen Duy Khoa. Hai Yen plays Duyen, a young tourist guide who married Hai (Duy Khoa), a taxi driver but still has feeling with her girlfriend Cam (Linh Dan), a writer. The film deals with some issues in modern Vietnam society such as homosexuality or the loneliness thought of young generation. This is a co-production between Feature Film Studio n°1 and Acrobates Films.

Vietnamese LGBT-related films 2009 films Vietnamese films Vietnamese-language films
Vietnamese parliamentary election, 2011

A parliamentary election was held in Vietnam on 22 May 2011. Since Vietnam is a single-party state, the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam is guaranteed to win. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, there were 827 candidates. 31.4% were women, 14.3% were not members of the Communist Party, 16.1% were members of ethnic minorities and 22.1% were candidates running for reelection. 500 MPs were elected. 333 are first-time MPs, four are self-nominated.

2011 elections in Asia 2011 in Vietnam Elections in Vietnam
South Vietnamese parliamentary election, 1959

Parliamentary elections were held in South Vietnam on 3 August 1959. All candidates for the 123 seats in the National Assembly were formally independents.

1959 elections in Asia Non-partisan elections 1959 in Vietnam Elections in Vietnam
2009 Vietnamese First Division

Vietnamese First Division is the second highest league in Vietnamese football after the V-League with 14 teams competing in it.

Football competitions in Vietnam 2009 in Vietnam
Ministry of Health (Vietnam)

The Ministry of Health (MOH) is the government ministry responsible for the governance and guidance of the health, healthcare and health industry of Vietnam. In conjunction with other ministries and the prime minister's office, the Ministry is responsible for creating and promulgating long-term health policy programs such as the "National Strategy on Nutrition for the 2001 - 2010 period" and the "National Policy on Injury Prevention 2002 - 2010".

Government of Vietnam Governmental office in Hanoi Health ministries Health in Vietnam
Japanese Vietnamese

Viet Kieu

Vietnamese Cutia

The Vietnamese Cutia (Cutia legalleni) is a bird species in the family Timaliidae. It is found in Laos and Vietnam. It was long considered a subspecies of the Himalayan Cutia (C. nipalensis), making the genus Cutia monotypic. In recent times, it is more often elevated to full species status. Its natural habitat is tropical moist montane forests.

Cutia Old World babblers
Vietnamese White Pine

The Vietnamese White Pine, Pinus dalatensis, is a species of pine endemic to Indochina. In Vietnam it grows in the mountains of the central and south-central parts of the country at 1,400-2,300 m altitude. Only recently confirmed from Laos, the population located within the Nakai-Nam Theun Biodiversity Conservation Area is the largest, at the lowest altitude, and the northernmost of the known populations of P. dalatensis.

Trees of Asia Flora of Vietnam Pinus Flora of Laos
Religion in Vietnam

The earliest established religions in Vietnam are Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism (called the triple religion or tam giáo). Significant minorities of adherents to Roman Catholicism, Cao Dai, and Hoa Hao and smaller minorities of adherents to Hinduism, Islam, Protestantism and Theravada Buddhism exist. The majority of Vietnamese people classify themselves as non-religious, although they visit religious temples several times every year.

Religion in Vietnam
Taiwanese Vietnamese

Sino-Vietnamese conflicts 1979–1990

Vietnamese democracy movement

The Vietnamese democracy movement is a movement seeking democratic reforms in Vietnam.

Political movements in Vietnam Political repression in Vietnam History of Vietnam Politics of Vietnam Democracy movements Vietnamese democracy movement Political movements
North Vietnam national football team

The North Vietnam national football team was the national team of Democratic Republic of Vietnam between 1949 and 1975. The team ceased to exist when the North and South regions combined into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. For results after 1991, see the article Vietnam national football team (no matches were played between 1976 and 1990). Most of North Vietnam's international games were played against other socialist countries.

National sports teams of Vietnam Asian national association football teams North Vietnam national football team
Vietnamese people in France

The Vietnamese people in France consists of people of Vietnamese ancestry who were born in or immigrated to France. The population is 250,000, as of 2006.

Ethnic groups in France Vietnamese diaspora French people of Vietnamese descent Vietnamese expatriates in France
North Vietnamese đồng

Angola–Vietnam relations

Union of North American Vietnamese Student Associations

The Union of North American Vietnamese Student Associations (UNAVSA) (Vietnamese: Liên Hội Sinh Viên Việt Nam Bắc Mỹ Châu) is a non-profit, community-based organization founded in 2004 as a means for Vietnamese youth organizations from across North America to network, share common resources, and collaborate with one another on youth-related and philanthropic work.

Overseas Vietnamese organizations in the United States Vietnamese students' associations Supraorganizations Vietnamese community organizations
Vietnamese Sika Deer

The Vietnamese Sika Deer (Cervus nippon pseudaxis) is one of the many subspecies of the Sika Deer. It is one of the smaller subspecies, due to the tropical environment they live in. They were previously found in northern Vietnam and possibly southwestern China, but have now become extinct in the wild. There are plans for reintroducing this subspecies in the future.

Megafauna of Eurasia Cervus Mammals of Asia
Reaction to the 1963 South Vietnamese coup

The reaction to the 1963 South Vietnamese coup that saw the arrest and assassination of Ngô Đình Diệm was mixed.

1963 in Vietnam Military coups in South Vietnam Buddhist crisis Ngo Dinh Diem
List of Vietnamese actors

This list includes actors and actresses of Vietnamese descent or nationality that have appeared in a full-length feature film or a television series broadcast on a national network. Although it includes some actors that have performed in films produced in Vietnam, it is not a comprehensive list of all Vietnamese actors who have performed in Vietnamese movies.

Lists of actors by nationality
Law of Vietnam

Law of Vietnam is based on communist legal theory and French civil law. In 1981 major reforms were made to the judicial and legal system. New laws introduced since: Penal Code 1912

Vietnamese law
2011 Vietnamese Cup

The 2011 Vietnamese Cup was the 19th edition of the Vietnamese Cup. The cup winner were guaranteed a place in the 2012 AFC Cup.

Football competitions in Vietnam 2011 in Vietnam
Vietnamese records in athletics

The following are the national records in athletics in Vietnam maintained by the Vietnam Athletics Federation (VAF).

National records in athletics (track and field)
Republic of Vietnam National Police

The Republic of Vietnam National Police – RVNP or Police Nationale de la République du Vietnam (‘Police Nationale’ for short) in French, was the official South Vietnamese national police force from 1962 to 1975, operating closely with the ARVN during the Vietnam War.

National Central Bureaus of Interpol Military of South Vietnam 1975 disestablishments Military units and formations disestablished in the 1970s Disbanded armies Law enforcement in Vietnam
Ghosts in Vietnamese culture

Ghosts are believed to be wandering souls and are thought by Vietnamese people to have an impact on their daily lives. Many of the beliefs and practices surrounding ghosts parallel those held in relations to ancestor worship.

Vietnamese mythology
Lý (Vietnamese name)

Vietnamese tea

Traditionally, Vietnamese tea drinking is considered a hobby of the older, more learned members in households and in the society in general. Tea drinking would accompany aristocratic activities such as composing poems, tending flowers, or simply appreciating nature. Vietnamese people generally favor lighter teas with flower fragrance, which is green tea or white tea infused with flowers. Vietnamese teas are produced in many areas that have been known for tea-house "retreats".

Tea by country Black tea
Vietnamese lotus tea

Vietnamese lotus tea (Vietnamese: trà sen, chè sen, or chè ướp sen) is a type of green tea produced in Vietnam that has been flavored with the scent of Nelumbo nucifera. It is a specialty product of the Vietnamese tea industry and is consumed as part of celebratory events or festivals.

Vietnamese beverages Blended tea Green tea Tea by country
Hoa people in Ho Chi Minh City

Hoa people in Ho Chi Minh City number around 500,000. They live mainly in Cho Lon (District 5, District 6 and District 10). This is seen as a local Chinatown in Ho Chi Minh City. Chinese Vietnamese population accounts just 4% of the city population but they hold around 30% of private-owned enterprises in this city. Many of these enterprises are successful companies like; Binh Tien, Thai Tuan and Kinh Do.

Ho Chi Minh City Hoa people
Military reforms resulting from the Yen Bai mutiny

The failure of the Yen Bai mutiny by Vietnamese soldiers in the French colonial army on February 10, 1930 caused the French authorities to engage in a reform of military policies which were aimed at preventing future uprisings. French trust in the Vietnamese soldiers' loyalty as colonised subjects who were simultaneously enforcers of colonial order had never been high, and the mutiny resulted in increased safeguards against Vietnamese soldiers in an attempt to prevent future incidents.

Military history of Vietnam Vietnamese independence movement
Vietnamese Army

Bước nhảy hoàn vũ (season 1)

Vietnamese Alliance to Combat Trafficking

The Vietnamese Alliance to Combat Trafficking (VietACT) is a Vietnamese non-profit, grassroots organization founded in 2004 dedicated to eradicating human trafficking of Vietnamese victims through collaboration, advocacy, and education.

Sexual abuse victims advocacy Vietnamese community organizations Child labour Overseas Vietnamese organizations Human rights abuses
North Vietnamese parliamentary election, 1946

Parliamentary elections were held in North Vietnam on 6 January 1946. The result was a victory for the Indochinese Communist Party-Vietnam Workers' Party, which won 182 of the 302 seats, although the distribution of seats had been decided before the elections. The ballot was not secret, and ballot papers were filled in in the presence of aides who were "to help comrades who had difficulty in making out their ballots."

1946 elections in Asia 1946 in Vietnam Elections in Vietnam
2011 Vietnamese First Division

The 2011 Vietnamese First Division season was the 17th season of Vietnam's professional football league and began on January 2012 and finish on August 2012.

Football competitions in Vietnam 2011 in Vietnam 2011 domestic association football leagues

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